National Employment Strategy 2031

by Zaara 05, Jul 2021

The National Jobs Plan 2031 aims to increase people’s involvement in the labor market by increasing women’s participation and accelerating the price of Emiratisation in value-added sectors of the economy.  The most important is electricity, telecom, technology, transport, storage, banking, health, and education sectors.

It focuses on various areas, including the Emiratement of Strategic Markets and offering ongoing skills training for local human capital, funding for startups, freelancers, and self-employed employees, and the introduction of a knowledge-based economy capable of attracting national talent.

The strategy aims to equip national human capital with the labor market’s capabilities by implementing lifelong learning courses, future skills acquisition, skills, and information and cultural diversity to promote creativity and qualified people.

The strategy intends to help the Government's efforts to develop a knowledge-based economy by:

  • Empowering labor efficiency and supplying national human capital with the expertise required for the labor market
  • Increasing the number of research and development ( R&D) employees
  • Encouraging entrepreneurship
  • Promoting programs for lifelong learning
  • Education on future skills and skills growth projects
  • Focus on recruiting talent by enhancing awareness and cultural diversity.

The strategy also aims to increase the representation of UAE residents in the labor economy by providing the participation of women and increasing the rate of Emiratisation in value-added sectors of the economy, like:

  • Energy
  • Communications
  • Technology
  • Transportation
  • Storage field
  • Financial, health, and education sectors
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Space
  • Digital Transaction
  • Advanced Sciences.

The principles underpinning the National Jobs Plan include:

  • Enhancing human capital through the acquisition of expertise
  • Creating an adequate number of good quality jobs for all people in the public and private sectors to incorporate those who are available and ready to work
  • Strengthening social stability and labor market equity
  • Coherence and convergence of the different government policies
  • Promoting the private sector to become the largest investor in profitable businesses
  • Supporting self-employed employees by improving their ability to boost their earnings
  • Ensure workers’ fundamental rights and establish a curriculum and skills acquisition framework following the changing needs of the job market.

What would the National Employment Strategy address?

1. Analyzing and Improving Labour Market Data

The accessibility of detailed, credible, and thorough statistics on the labor market is key to addressing jobs challenges by well-targeted policies and programs. At present, the lack of longitudinal evidence on the labor market puts severe restrictions on career preparation and promotion. The employment crisis facing the economy can be calculated by the number of jobs expected to be generated, not only to accommodate new entrants into the labor force but also to clear the shortage of unemployment and fix underemployment.

The proposal would highlight the need for an integrated Labor Market Information System (LMIS) to recognize skills gaps, educational requirements, and potential employment opportunities. It will encourage more excellent synchronization with websites such as the National Employment Service to resolve skills gaps and satisfy workforce demand in diverse sectors.

2. The Synergy between Various Economic Sectors

The development of employment is not limited to a particular industry or regulation. It covers a       variety of industries and is influenced by different police forces. The employment promotion is listed as one of the other programs’ main achievements, and the strategy would ensure coordination and coherence between policy strategies and services in various sectors.

3. Education and Skill Development

Education and skills strategies are widely seen by the government worldwide as an essential part of broad proposed policies for emerging countries and supporting employment opportunities relevant to the economy’s changing demands. Skill-matching, systematic skills preparation, and retraining is seen as a big concern for employability.

The rise of globalization, the increasing value of digital ecosystems, and self-employed jobs are disrupting labor markets worldwide, thus providing new and improved opportunities. The National Workforce Agenda would ensure that the education, training and skills acquisition framework aligns with the changing needs of the job market.

The NEP contents will emphasize steps to ensure the private sector’s greater involvement in the production of expertise and the broader utilization of both businesses’ apprenticeship systems.

4. Improving Women’s Participation in the Economy

With just 27.4 percent of women than 75.5 percent men, the workforce numbers remain strikingly low compared to other developing countries. No single policy action will overcome the full spectrum of restrictions they face. The content of the National Employment Policy, in line with SDG 5 on Gender Equality, will concentrate on developing women’s human abilities and knowledge and investing in their ability to respond to changing labor markets; providing support for their responsibilities; establishing gender-sensitive labor market regulations; and strengthening their voice and capacity for government action.

5. Employment & Income in Agriculture

Improving the livelihood opportunities and income of those engaged in agriculture is highly relevant. It will impact efforts to end poverty in all its forms (SDG 1) and minimize inequalities (SDG 10). The NEP contents will implement new and creative ways to address land depletion and make farmers participate in higher value additions and skills growth.

6. Micro & Small Enterprise and Entrepreneurship development

Micro, small and medium-sized enterprises are the primary source of jobs. However, they must have access to preparation, incubator funding to grow and incorporate their innovations and credit to fund their projects. The NEP contents will include steps to raise awareness among these units to exploit the facilities provided to them by the government and simplify the processes by which they can use these facilities.

7. Targeted Programmes for Employment Generation

Targeted initiatives for the generation of employment, particularly those in the form of an employment guarantee plan, create a role for the government in providing opportunities to all those ready and able to work if the labor market does not offer such employment. The National Rural Jobs Guarantee Scheme in India has also achieved a significant milestone in providing a certain degree of job security, particularly for informal workers, and improving public works. Future initiatives, led by the National Job Agenda, need to be directed at ensuring the rural unemployed find good jobs on a more permanent basis and expanded opportunities for women and other economically vulnerable communities.

8. Employment Opportunities for the Vulnerable Section

The issue of fostering job opportunities for immigrants, SC / ST, women with disabilities, and women within these groups assumes greater significance considering the relative drawbacks they may have faced. The NEP will include the much-needed emphasis on fair access for disadvantaged parts of job opportunities.

9. Employment and Labour standards 

Labor laws and standards primarily cover the formal sector. Policy policies must often concentrate on improving income, working conditions and fostering workplace health and safety for those engaged in the informal sector. The NEP will set out guidelines to integrate the informal sector into labor law, social welfare, and international standards.

10. Monitoring

The NEP will promote an efficient national coordination and monitoring system, including both state and civil society groups, to improve employment promotion and production.

While seeking to enhance the overall enabling environment for accelerated economic development and employment opportunities, the creation of a National Employment Policy would thus provide the roadmap for achieving sustainable economic growth while maintaining social cohesion and equity in the employment and livelihoods landscape.

The National Employment Strategy (NES) 2017-2030, therefore, reflects on the need to generate new jobs to minimize unemployment and provide employment options for the vast number of young people entering the labor market in the coming years; to expand formal employment and resolve existing competitiveness.

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